Oral contraceptives – proper and improper use

HomeNo sectionOral contraceptives – proper and improper use

Today we discuss this fairly common method among women. Oral contraceptives not only help to avoid unwanted pregnancy, but can aid you in fighting hormonal imbalance.

According to statistics, more than 50% of women use oral contraceptives not for its intended purpose. Many people use them to regulate menstrual cycle or eliminate pain during menstruation – often even as prescribed by doctor.

Let’s look at this phenomenon in detail and see how safe these pills really are.

Oral contraceptives, their composition and effects

Due to the fact that sex hormones affect female body on multiple levels, oral contraceptives can not only prevent an unwanted pregnancy, but also help balance the hormones and relieve pain during menstruation.

Two main types of oral contraceptives are progestin-containing (POC) and combined ones (COCP) – have an effect due to the fact that they contain synthetic analogs of sex hormones in them. In the case of POC, these are progestogens, and in the case of COCP – progestogens and estrogens of synthetic origin.

Effect on menstruation

When taking this type of contraceptives, traditional menstrual bleeding gives way to two other types of discharge – breakthrough bleeding and withdrawal bleeding

Breakthrough bleeding naturally occurs when using POC. Bleeding occurs irregularly – you should keep this in mind if you don’t want it to take you by surprise. Breakthrough bleeding can occur for those using COCP as well, but only only if you skip taking pills.

For those who take COCP, withdrawal bleeding is more common. As a rule, it occurs when you stop taking pills or abstain from taking them for a long period of time. However, this type of bleeding is quite easy to control – you just need to resume taking pills.

If you experience irregular periods, the doctor will most likely prescribe you COCP. They normalize the cycle by releasing necessary hormones into your blood.

If you are taking oral contraceptives, you should know that, although implied, withdrawal bleeding may not happen at all. A daily intake of COCP is quite given you take a break in using them once every three months on average.

How oral contraceptives relieve menstruation pain

Combined oral contraceptives can eliminate pain symptoms during menstruation prostaglandins regulation. Prostaglandins are substances that form in your body enzymatically and cause uterine contractions during menstruation, which leads to the rejection of the endometrium –  its internal mucous membrane.

This is a completely natural phenomenon, however, it can sometimes cause pain due to severe spasms, as well as the narrowing of the blood vessels that the endometrium is richly supplied with, and the subsequent lack of oxygen in the tissues.

COCP reduce the level of prostaglandins, consequently relieving cramps and eliminating pain symptoms.

How to choose oral contraceptives for yourself

Despite the fact that all oral contraceptives contain synthetic hormones, they still have a vary in effect and none of them can suit everyone. There are many varieties – monophasic, biphasic and triphasic meds, that serve different purposes and contain different amounts of synthetic substances.

First of all, of course, you need to consult with your doctor. The Selin application will allow you to document all the symptoms in detail. Based on that your therapist will be able to accurately assess the situation and prescribe pills accordingly.

However, this applies to all contraception in general. Whether it is spirals, vaginal rings, injections, etc, you always need to make an appointment with your doctor who can give you the best advice for your specific case.


It has never been easier to take care of women’s health than with Selin! Do not take risks! Operate only with facts and read our blog to keep track of all current trends in healthcare and healthy lifestyle!

Also read our article on the doctor’s ethics among gynecologists.

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